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Dockerize Nodejs: Installation, Running, and Execution Guide

Wednesday, July 17, 2024

Dockerize Nodejs – To install, run, and execute a Node.js program via Docker, you need to follow these steps:

Step 1: Install Docker

If you haven’t already, download and install Docker Desktop for your operating system from the official Docker website.

Step 2: Create a Node.js Application

Create a directory for your Node.js application and navigate into it. Inside this directory, create your Node.js application files, including package.json and your main Node.js script (e.g., app.js).

Step 3: Dockerize Nodejs – Create a Dockerfile

Create a file named Dockerfile in the root directory of your Node.js application. This file contains instructions for building a Docker image for your application.

# Use official Node.js image as base 
FROM node:latest 

# Set working directory in the container 
WORKDIR /usr/src/app 

# Copy package.json and package-lock.json to the container 
COPY package*.json ./ 

# Install dependencies 
RUN npm install

# Copy the rest of the application code to the container 
COPY . .

# Expose the port your app runs on 
EXPOSE 3000

# Command to run your app using Node.js 
CMD ["node", "app.js"]

Step 4: Build Docker Image

Open a terminal or command prompt, navigate to your application directory containing the Dockerfile, and run the following command to build a Docker image:

docker build -t my-node-app .

Replace my-node-app with your desired image name.

Step 5: Run Docker Container

Once the Docker image is built, you can run a Docker container using the following command:

docker run -p 3000:3000 my-node-app

This command maps port 3000 on your host machine to port 3000 inside the Docker container

Step 6: Access Your Node.js Application

Open your web browser and navigate to http://localhost:3000 to access your Node.js application running inside the Docker container.

Additional Tips:

  • Modify the EXPOSE and CMD directives in the Dockerfile to match your application’s requirements.
  • You can customize the Dockerfile further based on your application’s specific needs, such as adding environment variables or additional dependencies.
  • Docker provides various options for container management, such as Docker Compose for multi-container applications.
  • Ensure your Node.js application listens on the correct port specified in the Dockerfile (3000 in this example) to receive incoming requests.

That’s it! You’ve successfully installed, run, and executed a Node.js program via Docker.